Hedeby and the Danevirke

Transboundary European World Heritage -
a Topic for UNESCO Associated Schools

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Hedeby and the Danevirke

Hedeby and the Danevirke are outstanding testimonies of the Viking Age (8th-11th century AD). The trading post of Hedeby and the ramparts of the Danevirke secured the borderland between Scandinavia and mainland Europe at the narrowest point between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, the land neck of Schleswig. This special location enabled intensive trade and exchange between the regions.

Hedeby was connected to the Danevirke, which served as a border fortification and was extended again and again by Danish kings over centuries. Hedeby flourished in this border region and developed into the central trade and transport hub in northern Europe. Hedeby is now a prime example of an early urban trading centre for us. The exceptionally well-preserved archaeological material serves science as a source for many important findings from the Viking Age.

"Hedeby and the Danevirke"

Project Videos

Trade

Name of students: Setayesh Salehi, Gemeinschaftsschule Ossenmoorpark, Norderstedt/Louisa Marie Kjeldsen Orye, EUC Syd, Sønderborg

The Vikings developed a prosperous trade hub at Hedeby's shore. With up to 2000 inhabitants, Hedeby was the largest settlement in the entire region during the Viking Age and signals the beginning of urbanisation in Northern Europe. Many of the inhabitants of Haithabu helped to unload and reload vessels from distant countries, as well as ox carts transporting goods that had arrived from the North Sea via the nearby river Treene by land. They traded goods and sold own crafted products. The defensive structures at Danevirke offered protection from external threats.

Archaeology

Name of students: Lotta Schlüter/ Laurits Radzio, EUC Syd, Sønderborg

Main idea: Hedeby's treasures mainly lie in the untouched site between the shore and the half-wall which is part of the Danevirke. Only 5% have been excavated, but there are enough well preserved wooden constructions, treasures and everyday utensils, such as pottery, metal tools, combs, weapons, pearls and jewellery, to fill the museum at Hedeby and to allow a vivid reconstruction of the life of the vikings at Hedeby, making it one of the most prolific archaeological sites from the Viking Age. The excellent preservation of many of the artefacts is due to the special composition of the soil with a high salt content. Also, the wall at Danevirke has been only partly excavated showing several layers of earthen ramparts dating back to the 7th century.

Borders

Name of students: Chanida Yochai, Gemeinschaftsschule Ossenmoorpark, Norderstedt/ Clara Nielsen, EUC Syd, Sønderborg

Main idea: The Danevirke blocks around 30 km between North Sea and the river Treene and the Baltic Sea with the fjord Schlei. At several times, this narrow passage has helped the people in the north protect their territory against threats from the South and at the same time united trading people by this landmark and offered some protection to the important Ox Road, the trackway connecting the Jutland peninsula and continental Europe.

Information Desk

Here one will find further content related information in the form of links, downloads, picture galleries and videos. These materials are freely available for use within lesson.*

* Any use, re-use or alteration of the documents and media available here, for any other purposes, is prohibited and it requires the permission of the respective copyright owner.

  • Photo Gallery
  • Technology
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Pückler
  • Overcoming boarders
  • Trade
  • Vikings
  • People
  • Environment
  • Sustainability
  • Environment & Sustainability
  • World Heritage
  • Video
Videos & Pictures
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Because of its rich and well preserved archaeological material, Hedeby and the Danevirke are key sites for our today knowledge on the Viking age.
Hedeby and the Danevirke showcase the cultural exchange and territorial development in Northern Europe between the eighth and eleventh centuries AD.
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While – for centuries – the Danevirke was a token for territorial and cultural dispute it is today a symbol for the cooperation between Danes and Germans.
Hedeby and the Danevirke showcase exchange and trade between people of various cultural traditions in the Viking Age. Hedeby became the essential trading hub in Northern Europe.
Between the eighth and eleventh centuries AD, “Viking” refers to piracy in general and to Norse activities of warfare or trade. Today, “Viking” refers to the historic period of the Viking Age and to people from that period.
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Hedeby and the Danevirke were inscribed as UNESCO-World Heritage Site as “Archaeological Border Complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke”.
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Gallery

Photo Gallery

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Archaeology - Information for students, 2019

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Arkæologi - information til studerende, 2019

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. History - Information for students, 2019

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Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander.Historie - information til studerende, 2019

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Temahæfte: Hvor går grænsen? (Hrsg.: Region Sønderjylland-Schleswig)

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Dannevirke (Danmarkshistorien.de)

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Hedeby (Danmarkshistorien.de)

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Dannevirke (Nationalmuseet - natmus.dk)

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Deutsch oder dänisch (Webseite Stadtmuseum Schleswig)

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Danevirke Museum (Website af Sydslesvigsk Forening e.V.)

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Overcoming Borders - Information for students, 2019

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Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Overvinde grænser - information til studerende, 2019

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Temahæfte: Hvor går grænsen? (Hrsg.: Region Sønderjylland-Schleswig)

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Trade - Information for students, 2019

Download

Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Handel - information til studerende, 2019

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Hedeby and Danvirke (Website with information about the sites, Danewerk / Haithabu e. V. 2019)

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UNESCO World Heritage, an award that commits (Article DW 2018)

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Danevirkes spændende historie (danevirkemuseum.de)

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Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Vikings - Information for students, 2019

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Matthias Maluck, Luise Zander. Viking - information til studerende, 2019

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Vikings win UNESCO World Heritage title (Article DW 2019)

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Vikinger (faktalink - Bibliotek og undervisning)

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Mennesket i vikingetiden (Nationalmuseet - natmus.dk)

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Vikingetiden (800-1050) (Nationalmuseet - natmus.dk)

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The Viking-age sites Hedeby and Danevirke (Video DW 2019)

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On the trail of the Vikings in Europe (Gallery DW 2019)