Hedeby and the Danevirke are outstanding testimonies of the Viking Age (8th-11th century AD). The trading post of Hedeby and the ramparts of the Danevirke secured the borderland between Scandinavia and mainland Europe at the narrowest point between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, the land neck of Schleswig. This special location enabled intensive trade and exchange between the regions.
Hedeby was connected to the Danevirke, which served as a border fortification and was extended again and again by Danish kings over centuries. Hedeby flourished in this border region and developed into the central trade and transport hub in northern Europe. Hedeby is now a prime example of an early urban trading centre for us. The exceptionally well-preserved archaeological material serves science as a source for many important findings from the Viking Age.
"Hedeby and the Danevirke"
Name of students: Setayesh Salehi, Gemeinschaftsschule Ossenmoorpark, Norderstedt/Louisa Marie Kjeldsen Orye, EUC Syd, Sønderborg
The Vikings developed a prosperous trade hub at Hedeby's shore. With up to 2000 inhabitants, Hedeby was the largest settlement in the entire region during the Viking Age and signals the beginning of urbanisation in Northern Europe. Many of the inhabitants of Haithabu helped to unload and reload vessels from distant countries, as well as ox carts transporting goods that had arrived from the North Sea via the nearby river Treene by land. They traded goods and sold own crafted products. The defensive structures at Danevirke offered protection from external threats.
Name of students: Lotta Schlüter/ Laurits Radzio, EUC Syd, Sønderborg
Main idea: Hedeby's treasures mainly lie in the untouched site between the shore and the half-wall which is part of the Danevirke. Only 5% have been excavated, but there are enough well preserved wooden constructions, treasures and everyday utensils, such as pottery, metal tools, combs, weapons, pearls and jewellery, to fill the museum at Hedeby and to allow a vivid reconstruction of the life of the vikings at Hedeby, making it one of the most prolific archaeological sites from the Viking Age. The excellent preservation of many of the artefacts is due to the special composition of the soil with a high salt content. Also, the wall at Danevirke has been only partly excavated showing several layers of earthen ramparts dating back to the 7th century.
Name of students: Chanida Yochai, Gemeinschaftsschule Ossenmoorpark, Norderstedt/ Clara Nielsen, EUC Syd, Sønderborg
Main idea: The Danevirke blocks around 30 km between North Sea and the river Treene and the Baltic Sea with the fjord Schlei. At several times, this narrow passage has helped the people in the north protect their territory against threats from the South and at the same time united trading people by this landmark and offered some protection to the important Ox Road, the trackway connecting the Jutland peninsula and continental Europe.
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