The project "Transboundary European World Heritage - a Topic for UNESCO Associated Schools" aims to familiarise students and teachers with the topic of the Transboundary World Heritage sites: the Mining Cultural Landscape Erzgebirge / Krušnohoří, the German-Polish Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski and the German Hedeby and the Danevirke. Using these three heritage sites as examples, the students and teachers explore their joint European history, discover what themes link them together, and those which set them apart. In binational workshops they develop themes and questions regarding the transnational heritage sites and visualise them into contemporary formats.
The Ore Mountains region is a European border area on both sides of the German-Czech border. 800 years of European mining activities, related technologies and traditions can be experienced here through numerous preserved mining monuments, mines and mining towns. Due to this outstanding mining heritage, the region was designated a transboundary German-Czech World Heritage site in July 2019.
The Muskau Park / Park Mużakowski and the geological formation of the Coal Crescent/Łuk Mużakowa are located on both sides of the German-Polish border. The park was founded by Prince Pückler at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The landscape park has been part of 200 years of European history. The negative consequences of the Second World War, the division of Europe after the war, and the merging of East and West in the 1990s all characterize the area. In 2004 the park became a German-Polish binational World Heritage site.Read More
As an important seaport and a defensive system between Scandinavia and continental Europe, Hedeby and Danevirke were significant places during the Viking Age. In the period between 800 and 1000 AD, a multitude of European peoples and ethnic groups came in contact with each other here to exchange goods, technical and cultural knowledge and stories. Today, nature and conservation authorities in Germany and Denmark ensure the preservation of this unique archaeological site. In 2018 the site was inscribed in the World Heritage List.Read More
In November 1972, UNESCO made the decision to protect the cultural and natural heritage of humanity. For this purpose, the so-called World Heritage Convention was adopted. This lays out what constitutes a World Heritage site: it must have extraordinary significance for the whole of humanity and should encourage people to recognize the significance of their history for a sustainable future. Both cultural (e.g. buildings) and natural (e.g. nature parks) sites, places and regions can be declared World Heritage sites. Currently there are 1,121 sites in 167 countries worldwide (2019).
Beispiel Erzgebirge: Weltkulturerbe seit Juli 2019
All World Heritage sites have what is deemed "outstanding universal value,” which must be proven in each application from the countries who are asking for the inscription of one of their cultural or natural sites in the World Heritage list. Most of the UNESCO World Heritage sites are therefore within the territories of the state that signed the World Heritage convention. At the same time, borders have changed over the course of time. For this reason, so-called transboundary World Heritage sites are also found worldwide. In Europe they are known as transboundary European World Heritage. The number of such sites in Europe is currently at 26.
What is the connection between the Pyramids of Giza and the Historic Centre of Krakow? What connects the Statue of Liberty in New York with the Wadden Sea, or the Historic Centre of Prague with the Roskilde Cathedral? They are all UNESCO World Heritage sites.
But what exactly is UNESCO World Heritage today? What makes these sites special? Test your knowledge with the World Heritage Quiz! Mark the correct answers by clicking on them.
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