The project "transboundary European World Heritage – a topic for UNESCO project schools" aims to familiarize students and teachers with the topic of the transboundary World Heritage Sites: the Mining Cultural Landscape Erzgebirge/Krušnohori, the German-Polish Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski and the German-Danish Hedeby / Danevirke. At the example of these three heritage sites, the students and teachers explore their joint European history and discover which themes link them, as well as which set them apart. In binational workshops they develop themes and questions regarding the transnational heritage sites and visualize them into contemporary formats, such as videos.
The Erzgebirge / Krušnohoří mining region is a European border region on both sides of the German-Czech border. Evidence of eight hundred years of mining, associated technology and traditions can be traced throughout the region through numerous monuments, mines, and towns from that time. Because of this unique mining heritage, the region is slated to become as the first German-Czech transboundary World Heritage site (status: summer 2019).Read More
The Muskau Park / Park Mużakowski and the geological formation of the Coal Crescent/Łuk Mużakowa are located on both sides of the German-Polish border. The park was founded by Prince Pückler at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The landscape park has already been part of 200 years of European history. The negative consequences of the Second World War and the division of Europe characterize the area even as do the achievements of the merging of East and West in the 1990s. In 2004 the park became a German-Polish binational World Heritage Site.Read More
As an important seaport and a defensive system between Scandinavia and continental Europe, Hedeby and Danevirke were significant places during the Viking Age. In the period between 800 and 1000 AD. a multitude of European peoples and ethnic groups came in contact with each other here to exchange goods, technical and cultural knowhow and stories. Today, nature and conservation authorities in Germany and Denmark ensure the preservation of this unique archaeological site. In 2018 the site was inscribed in the World Heritage List.Read More
In November 1972, UNESCO made the decision to protect the cultural and natural heritage of humanity. For this purpose, the so-called World Heritage Convention was adopted. This lays out what constitutes a World Heritage Site: it must have extraordinary significance for the whole of humanity and should encourage people to recognize the significance of their history for the future. Both cultural (e.g. buildings) and natural (e.g. nature parks) sites, places and regions can be declared World Heritage Sites. Currently there are 1,092 sites in 167 countries worldwide (2019).
All World Heritage sites have what is deemed "outstanding universal value,” which must be proven by each application from the countries, who ask for the inscription of one of their cultural or natural sites in the World Heritage list. Most of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites are therefore on the territory of the state that signed the World Heritage convention. At the same time, borders have changed over the course of time. For this reason, so-called transboundary World Heritage sites are also found worldwide. In Europe they are known as transboundary European World Heritage. The number of such sites in Europe is currently at twenty-one.
Beispiel Erzgebirge: Weltkulturerbe seit Juli 2019
What is the connection between the Pyramids of Giza and the Statue of Liberty in New York? What connects the Ausschwitz Birkenau Memorial with the Wadden Sea, or the Cologne Cathedral with the Rammelsberg Mine in the Harz Mountains? They are all UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
UNESCO World Heritage sites are valuable material traces, objects, buildings, or landscapes of humankind and the earth. The history of human beings and the planet can be experienced at these sites. Accordingly they belong to the heritage of all peoples and should thus be protected through our common efforts. The definition of what is to be protected as a World Heritage site can be found in the World Heritage Convention adopted by UNESCO in 1972. With 1,121 currently protected sites in 167 countries the World Heritage Convention is one of the most important instruments for the protection and conservation of the cultural and natural heritage of humankind.
But what exactly is UNESCO World Heritage today? What makes these sites special? Test your knowledge with the World Heritage Quiz! Mark the correct answers by clicking on them. (These may be more than one!)
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24-26 June 2019, Workshop for German and Czech pupils in Annaberg-Buchholz concerning the Erzgebirge / Krušnohoří mining region
12-14 September 2019, Workshop for German and Polish pupils in Weisswasser concerning the Muskauer Park/Park Mużakowski, Muskauer Coal Crescent/Łuk Mużakowa
Oktober 2019, Workshop for German and Danish pupils concerning Hedeby/Danevirke